A cataract is a clouding of the lens of the eye. The lens of the eye is normally clear. It act like the lens on a camera, focusing light as it passes the back of the eye.

Cataract Symptoms

  • Adult cataract develop slowly and painlessly. Vision in the affected eye or eyes slowly gets worse.
  • Cloudy, Fuzzy, foggy, or filmy vision.
  • Mild clouding of the lens often occurs after age 60, but it may not cause any vision
  • Problems.
  • Being sensitive to glare
  • Difficulty seeing at night or in dim light
  • Double vision
  • Loss of color intensity
  • Problems seeing shapes against a background or the difference between shades Of color
  • Seeing halos around light
  • Frequent changes in eye glass prescription

Signs and Tests

A standard eye exam and slit-lamp examination are used to diagnose cataract. Other diagnostic test are rarely needed. Except to rule out other possible causes of poor vision.

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Cataract Treatment

Surgery is the only treatment for cataract. We do painless, sutureless and topical anaesthesia surgeries.

Phacoemulsification: A small incision is made on the side of the cornea, the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye. Your doctor inserts a tiny probe into the eye. This device emits ultrasound waves that soften and break up the lens so that it can be removed by suction. Most cataract surgery today is done by phacoemulsification.

Your lens, which helps you focus, is removed during the operation and is replaced with an artificial lens, the intraocular lens implant.

There is a choice of different strengths (powers) of lenses which, just like different strengths of glasses lenses, affect how clearly you see when looking into the distance or when looking at near things such as reading a book.

During your initial assessment, the cataract team will discuss with you whether you want to have better focus for close vision or for distance vision.

Understanding Intraocular Lens Implants

Monofocal Lens:
A Monofocal Lens Implant is the most basic type of Lens Implant used to correct vision after Cataract Surgery. For approximately the first thirty years of Lens Implant Surgery, all Lens Implants were of a type called a Monofocal Lens Implant. A Monofocal Lens Implant can provide very good vision after Cataract Surgery-but only at one set distance-usually for seeing things at a distance such as for driving or going to the movies.

Multifocal Lens :
The opportunity for freedom from reading glasses and bifocals. Until recently, life without reading glasses or bifocals wasn’t an option for most cataract patients. That option is now available. Today, your cataract surgeon is able to offer you the choice of a multifocal lens implant. A multifocal lens implant provides excellent vision after cataract surgery at a variety of distances. . Multifocal lens implants correct both your distance vision and your presbyopia after cataract surgery. For the vast majority of patients, having a multifocal lens implant means that you will be able to see at distance and up close without being dependent on glasses. So, patients choosing to have a multifocal lens implant will likely find that they can drive, watch television, read or do crafts-without the need for glasses. The particular Multifocal IOL that is best for your eyes will be determined by the surgeon.

Toric Lens :
There are various ways of correcting astigmatism during surgery. The most accurate way is to put the correction in the lens implant. These lenses are called toric intra-ocular lenses or Toric IOL’s. Toric IOL’s are a one-step way to fix the cataract and the astigmatism at the same time. Toric IOL’s are a more predictable way to treat astigmatism than options that work on the cornea.